Dead Sea Scrolls : were discovered from 1947 to 1956, in caves
along the western shore of the Dead Sea. The bulk of the scrolls
were found in caves near Qumran, which was once home to a community
of scholars identified as Essenes. This group was a Jewish sect
known to have existed elsewhere in Israel during the Second Temple period,
which includes the time of Jesus. The scrolls comprise mostly of around
800 fragmentary documents, with only some of them remaining nearly or
completely intact. It is estimated that around 100,000 fragments have been
found in total. Their find has been hailed as one of the single most
important discoveries of the twentieth century.
"The scrolls comprise, among other things, the oldest copies of the
Bible in existence. The Qumran scrolls date from approximately 250 B.C. to
about 65 A.D., and at some other locations to about 135 A.D. This means
that the Dead Sea Scrolls give us texts of the Bible which were copied
more than 1000 years earlier than any others now in existence."
At present most of the scrolls reside in Jerusalem. However they are
being prepared for publication by scholars. Eventually a thirty-five
volume series is planned for publication by the Oxford University Press,
entitled: Discoveries in the Judean Desert. It is anticipated
that the Oxford series will be the basis for all future translations and
studies of the scrolls.
Source: Information for this topic comes
Dead Sea Scrolls Foundation - POB 24434 Jerusalem, Israel
- Tel.: 972-2-5819-337 - Fax: 972-2-5829-704