Stonehenge : is an arrangement of mysterious stones standing at Salisbury plain.
Stonehenge consists of two circles, the outer one being sarsen
stone (sandstone) pillars, formerly supporting lintels (only six remain),
the inner one of blue stones. Inside the latter circle are two series of standing stones
each in the shape of a horseshoe. Again
the outer series is of sarsen stones, the inner of blue stones.
None of the horseshoes is complete, some of the stones have fallen
and others are missing altogether. You can take a photographic
tour of Stonehenge here.
Inside the innermost horseshoe is a single stone, broken in half, called
the Altar Stone and surrounding the outermost circle is a ring of 56 holes
called the Aubrey Holes. Intersecting
these, some 80 yards from the Altar Stone is the Heel Stone.
The sarsen stones are of local origin but the blue stones are generally
believed to have been transported somehow from the Prescelly Mountains in
the far south-west of Wales. Radical
ideas intermingled with legend has it that the magician Merlin
brought them from Ireland to Wiltshire and from Africa by giants.
Druids first constructed Stonehenge about 4000 years ago during the
Neolithic "New Stone Age". Stonehenge
has been modified a few times since then, most recently around 1400 BC
during the early "Bronze Age", thus producing the version that exists
The precise function of this awesome monument still remains an enigma.
Some theories include the following:
a solar temple
a lunar observatory
a source of healing energy
an extraterrestrial monument
There is a body of literature suggests that the stones align with
celestial events fuelling the theory that the monument is some form of
complex astronomical observatory.
For example the line between the Altar Stone extends to the precise point
of midsummer sunrise.
Janet and Colin Bord in their book Ancient Mysteries of Britain: 100
years of Strange Events, Grafton, London 1987; have exposed some flaws
in some of these alignments thus shedding some doubt on the theory of an
many megaliths the stones have been attributed healing properties due to a
high magnetic field.
Indeed modern hospital therapy has found that electromagnetism
accelerates the healing process of some bone fractures.
This tends to lend some weight to the theory that Stonehenge could
have been used as a source of healing energy.